Based on archeologists finding, Shahr Sukhteh is counted as one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Due to the outstanding historical capacities and high number of the discovered works, this city is a worthy site for archeologists and history lovers. On a trip to the Shahr Sukhte, you will enter a large and outdoor museum with a hidden treasure in every corner. Although there are lots of historical attractions in this vast area, it has been abandoned in compare of other Iranian sites.
Sistan and baluchestan province
The area of the province is 187502 square kilometers, which covers 11.5% of the country's area. According to the general census of 1390, the relative density of the province was 12.5 people per square kilometer.So, it can be said that, this province is one of the least populated provinces in the country. Sistan and Baluchestan, as the largest province, is located in the southeastern part of the country. This province has 1210 km border by Pakistan and Afghanistan and 370 km water border by the northern shores of the Oman Sea and in the north by South Khorasan province, in the south by Oman Sea, in the east y Pakistan and Afghanistan and in the west by Hormozgan and Kerman provinces.
Baluchistan has a mountainous nature. The southern regions of the province have different climates due to their proximity to Oman Sea and the use of monsoon winds. This area with an area of 172,305 square kilometers, consists the cities of Zahedan, Mirjaveh, Khash, Saravan, Sib and Soran, Mehrestan, Iranshahr, Sarbaz, Delgan, Nikshahr, Qasr Ghand, Chabahar and Konarak. Sistan region is a gem of the alluvium of the Hirmand River, which is the world's largest freshwater lake. The vital artery of the region, Hirmand, shows considerable annual fluctuations. 120-day winds that blow from late spring to late summer are effective in intensifying the need and dryness of the environment. Sistan region includes the cities of Zabol, Zahak, Nimroz, Hamoon and Helmand and has an area of 15,917 square kilometers.
In Sistan and Baluchestan province, in addition to celebrating Nowruz, Eid-e Ghorban and Eid-e Fetr have a special importance. On these Eids, people gather in the Eidgah wearing new clothes, offer Eid prayers, and then go to visit their relatives. One of the customs of the engagement period among the people of Sistan and Baluchestan is that on Eids such as Eid-e Ghorban, Eid-e Fetr and Nowruz, the groom's father invites the groom to the house and the groom presents a sheep and Eidi to the bride's family. People also make sweets called chelebaks on religious holidays and go to the cemetery. Sword dance, which is one of the oldest epic dances in the country, also belongs to this region.
Sistan and Baluchestan is one of the largest fishing centers and fish and shrimp can be purchased as souvenirs. Landoor sweets, which is a souvenir of Zabul city, is one of the most famous sweets in this province. The handicrafts of this region are mainly produced by women and girls. The most important of these products are mat weaving, pottery, needlework, coin embroidery and carpet weaving, each of which are considered as souvenirs of this province.
Yellow curd is one of the main local dishes of Sistan and Baluchestan province. Yellow curd is a nutritious food related to the city of Zabol, which is usually consumed as breakfast on cold winter days, and its main ingredient is a kind of homemade yellow curd. Ojizak Zaboli and Sistani broth are also among the famous dishes of Sistan and Baluchestan region. Sistani broth is cooked with special spices and has its own flavor.
The history and location of this region has brought interesting natural phenomena and attractions and beautiful and unique historical monuments to it. Shahr-e Sukhte City World Registration Site, Taftan Volcanic Mountain, Hamoon Lake, Khajeh Mountain, Dezak Castle, volcanoes, wells, Ladiz Cave, Belgian Customs, Zahedan Kohne, Naseri Castle of Iranshahr, Sib and Soran Castle, Tis Castle and Cemetery , Ban Messiti Caves, Kalpurgan Saravan Live Pottery Museum, Tang Port, Derek Beach, Miniature Mountains, Bryce Beach, Lipar Lagoon, etc. are just some of these attractions.
The local costume of Sistan and Baluchestan with its great historical background is one of the main symbols of the original Iranian dress, which is still used in various designs and colors among these people. The heat in Sistan and Baluchestan province requires a special type of clothing, which is the same as loose clothing. This dress is usually white in summer and dark in winter. All the clothes in this region have a main pattern, which is pants and a long shirt, but the designs, colors and decorations on them are various. From the point of view of an ordinary person, all these clothes may look the same, but in reality, this is not the case, and the type of clothing worn by the people of different regions is such that by looking at it, one can know which city, region or tribe that person belongs to. The role of class status and customs in the type of clothing of men and women is quite noticeable, but not in the sense that their design and sewing are very different from each other. These differences are mostly in the fabric and clothing, especially in needlework, which in some cases has a significant price difference.
Lipar Wetland is located on the coastal road from Chabahar to Govatr on the coast of the Oman Sea. This wetland is located in a gorge and rocky valley overlooking the mountain. In this wetland, the water of the Oman Sea is static and has created suitable areas for the life of plants and animals.
Sistan Khajeh Mountain is an example of brick architecture in the Sistan region that has survived from the Parthian period. Zabol Khajeh Mountain as a natural feature in the vast plain of Sistan is completely lonely in the sense that no other feature is seen in this plain.
The historic Se kuhe castle, after Khajeh Mountain, is the second tallest building in the vast plain of Sistan. The castle, the exact date of construction of which has not been published,